MEANING OF THE SYMBOL
Taegeuk is a symbol representing the principles of the cosmos creation and the norms of human life. The circumference of the Taegeuk mark symbolizes infinity and the two parts, red and blue, inside the circle symbolize yin(negative) and yang(positive), which look like rotating all the time. Therefore, Taegeuk is the light which is the unified core of the cosmos and human life and its boundlessness signifies energy and the source of life. The yin and yang represents the development of the cosmos and human life and the oneness of symmetrical halves, such as negative and positive, hardness and softness, and materials and anti-materials.
The eight bar-signs (called kwae) outside the circle are so arranged to go along with the Taegeuk in an orderly system. One bar means the yang and two bars the yin, both representing the creation of harmonization with the basic principles of all cosmos phenomena. The Taegeuk, infinity and yin-yang are the three elements constituting the philosophical trinity as mentioned in the Samil Sinko, the Scripture of Korean race.
The Origin of Taegeuk Denomination
According to the old book of history, Sinsi Bonki, around(B.C.35), a son of the 5th emperor of the Hwan-ung Dynasty in on ancient nation of the Tongyi race whose name was Pokhui, was said to have received the Heaven’s ordinance to have an insight in the universal truths, thereby observing rituals for the Heaven and finally receiving the eight kwaes (bar signs). After all, this has been passed down through a long, long history by King Mun, Chou tsu, Confucius and Scholar Kim Il bu, all descendants of the Tongyi race. Scholar Kim finally completed the present Taegeuk mark.
The Taegeuk poomsae was established on the basis of profound philosophy of Taegeuk to be trained by the Taekwondo beginners. Its poomsae line and seogi are based on the invariable basic though of Taekwondo. The monism of Taegeuk is the frame of this poomsae, each Kwae being reflected in a pattern of Taegeuk poomsae, which elucidates the Taekwondo spirit and the profoundness of Taekwondo techniques.